Question for Mains - Q1. Describe the aims & objectives of “Swachhta Udyami Yojana”. Discuss how the scheme could contribute towards improving the socio-economic status of the Safai Karamcharis and liberated Manual Scavengers.
Q2. “Swachhta Udyami Yojana with twin objective of cleanliness and providing livelihood to Safai Karamcharis would become an important instrument for implementation of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan”, Elucidate.
Q3. Analyze the role could be played by Public Private Partnership (PPP) model towards making “Swachhta Udyami Yojana” & “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” a success.
The Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment launched the “Swachhta Udyami Yojana – Swachhta Se Sampannta Ki Aur” of National Safai Karamcharis Finance and Development Corporation, at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi on 2.oct.2014.
Objective – The Scheme provides financial assistance to Safai Karamcharis and identified Manual Scavengers for Construction, Operation and Maintenance of community toilets in Public Private Partnership (PPP) Mode and for Purchase of Sanitation related Vehicles.
There is a need to construct community toilets in PPP mode, managed by Safai Karamcharis and liberated Manual Scavengers, so that they are properly maintained and provide better sanitation services to the users. Under the Scheme, the entrepreneurs of the target group may also avail assistance for purchase of vehicles such as Jetting and Suction machines, Vacuum Loaders, Garbage collection and disposal vehicles etc. There is a great demand by Municipalities for such vehicles. Beneficiaries can take contracts from the Municipalities to operate these vehicles in areas under their jurisdiction. This Scheme has twin objective of cleanliness and providing livelihood to Safai Karamcharis and liberated Manual Scavengers to achieve the overall goal of “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” initiated by the Prime Minister.
“Swachhta Udyami Yojana’ would be able to improve the socio-economic status of the Safai Karamcharis and liberated Manual Scavengers. This Scheme will also become an important instrument for implementation of the “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” initiated by the Hon’ble Prime Minister.