Ques. Write a short note on State Reorganisation Act 2014.
Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 commonly called Telangana Bill is an Act of Indian Parliament proclaiming the bifurcation of the Andhra Pradesh state into two states, Telangana and residuary Andhra Pradesh. The Act consists of all aspects of division of assets and liabilities, finalize the boundaries of the proposed new states and status of Hyderabad.
The State Reorganisation Act 2014 provides:
- The Boards shall be responsible for the administration, regulation and maintenance of the head works of the dams, reservoirs or head works of canals as notified by the GoI on Krishna and Godavari Rivers strictly to implement all the awards made by the Tribunals.
- The Boards shall be responsible for making an appraisal of proposal for construction of new projects on Krishna and Godavari rivers and give technical clearance.
- The Governor shall have special responsibility to the security of life, liberty and property of all those who reside in the common capital of Hyderabad. The Governor’s responsibility shall extend to matters such as law and order, internal security and safety of all vital installations in the discharge of these functions. This transitory provision shall cease to be have effect after such period not exceeding 10 years.
- The Bill provides for creation of separate cadres of All Indian services in respect of the two states from the appointed day, Advisory Committee(s) would be constituted to ensure fair and equitable treatment of all employees.
- The GoI shall help the successor states of Telangana and AP in raising additional police forces for maintenance of public order and shall also deploy one additional unit of the force in Hyderabad for a period of five years.
- The Greyhound training centre in Hyderabad shall function as common training centre for the successor states for three years. In this period of three years, the GoI shall assist the successor state of AP in setting up a similar training centre for Greyhounds. The existing Greyhound and OCTOPUS forces shall be distributed between the two states.
- Of the total equity of Singareni Collieries Company Limited, 51 per cent shall be with Government of Telangana and 49 per cent with Government of India. Existing coal linkages of SCCL shall continue without any change. New linkages shall be allotted to the successor States as per the new coal distribution policy by Government of India.
- Allocation of natural gas will continue to be done as per the policies and guidelines issued by the GoI. The royalties payable on domestic onshore production of oil and gas shall accrue to the state in which such production takes place. Allocation of power from Central generating stations shall be allocated to the successor states in the ratio of the average of the actual energy consumption of last five years of the relevant Discoms. For a period of 10 years, the successor state that has a deficit of electricity shall have the first right of refusal for the purchase of surplus power from the other state.