Issue of child trafficking in India

Ques. Critically analyse the issue of child trafficking in India, what are its consequences. Describe the steps taken by the government. Child trafficking, according to UNICEF is defined as “any person under 18 who is recruited, transported, transferred, harboured or received for the purpose of exploitation, either, within or outside a country. India is a prime area for child trafficking for various reasons such as labour, begging, and sexual exploitation. NGOs estimate this problem affects 20 to 65 million Indians. There are many contributing factors to child Continue reading →

Failure of Completely open defecation free states

Ques.“The official sanitation policy has been uniquely focussed on building toilets. But the connection between good health and using toilets has not yet been made”, While critically analysing the given statement describe the factors which resulted in the failure of accomplishment of “Completely open defecation free states”, a goal of the government. What measures should be taken to resolve the issue? According to 2011 census, 70 per cent of rural households do not have a toilet, whereas a substantial portion of households with access to Continue reading →

Policy approach on female agency is needed to tackle crime against women

Ques. “The ‘male backlash’ theory suggests that a woman’s independence signifies a challenge to a culturally prescribed norm and hence results in physical aggression”, while critically analysing the given statement highlight the need of reforms and policies for injustice against women in India. The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia. From equal status with men in ancient times through the low points of the medieval period,[6] to the promotion of equal rights by many Continue reading →

Issue of Smuggling of migrants

Ques. “Smuggling of migrants is a highly profitable business with low risk of detection”, while analysing the given statement describe the role and working of the govt. to address the issue of Smuggling of migrants. People smuggling (also called human smuggling) is “the facilitation, transportation, attempted transportation or illegal entry of a person or persons across an international border, in violation of one or more countries’ laws, either clandestinely or through deception, such as the use of fraudulent documents”. People smuggling generally takes place with Continue reading →

Centering the Northeast

Ques. Critically analyse the key areas that needs to be emphasised to take the north-eastern states out of its insurgency grip, mobilise leaders of substance and work out a decentralised multi-level development strategy aimed at fostering the region’s growth. The Northeast region of India comprising of eight states – Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura and Sikkim– a region poorly connected to the Indian mainland by a small corridor, and surrounded by many countries such as Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh and China, is the setting Continue reading →

Agenda of intelligence reforms in India

Ques. ‘India’s intelligence capabilities are not as low as rated’, but there is a need to bring all central agencies under one umbrella to ensure seamless integration in their operations, assessments and response’, While analysing the given statement highlight the intelligence reforms needed in India. Intelligence Agencies play an important role in protecting National Security of a country. They help in maintaining Internal and External Security of a Nation. The very nature of their functioning and work requires some degree of Anonymity, Secrecy and Confidentiality. Continue reading →

Higher education in India needs reforms

Ques. “There is no greater challenge to the future of India than the urgent need to revamp our institutions of higher education” Comment. At present, the higher education system in India suffers from many shortcomings. The reforms are needed to address the fundamental problem of institutionalised mediocrity, deeply embedded in these institutions. Adequate FUNDING of colleges and universities for enhancing their education system on three parameters — access, equity and quality- is required. Such planning would include creating new academic institutions, expanding and upgrading the existing Continue reading →

Corruption In India

Ques. “Simplifying complex rules and regulations, making the decision-making process transparent, and giving the government a limited role will minimise opportunities for the corrupt”, while analysing the given statement, describe the causes of corruption. What initiatives have been taken by the government to deal with corruption? Corruption in India is a major issue that adversely affects its economy.  A study conducted by Transparency International in year 2005 found that more than 62% of Indians had first-hand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to Continue reading →

Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) as a threat to Human Rights

Ques. “Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) is not merely a concern about human rights violation but also inconsistent with the structure and spirit of our democracy”. Comment The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA), is an Act of the Parliament of India with just six sections granting special powers to the armed forces in what the act terms as “disturbed areas”. Although the usefulness of the act has been universally acknowledged in particular for stabilizing the Kashmir valley and maintaining peace, the Act Continue reading →

State Reorganisation Act 2014

Ques. Write a short note on State Reorganisation Act 2014. Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 commonly called Telangana Bill is an Act of Indian Parliament proclaiming the bifurcation of the Andhra Pradesh state into two states, Telangana and residuary Andhra Pradesh. The Act consists of all aspects of division of assets and liabilities, finalize the boundaries of the proposed new states and status of Hyderabad. The State Reorganisation Act 2014 provides: The Boards shall be responsible for the administration, regulation and maintenance of the Continue reading →